Mississippi’s abortion case, risk to Roe v. Wade ahead of SCOTUS decision: What we know – Hattiesburg American

On Wednesday, Dec. 1, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear oral arguments in Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization, alawsuit challenging Mississippis ban on most abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy.

Here's what we know.

The high-profile case, arguably the most contentious issue before the court in years, has the potential to upend the battle over reproductive rights well beyond the Magnolia State.

The decision could significantly weaken abortion protections in the state, which have been historically under fire.

Conservatives enjoy a 6-3 majority on the high court for the first time since the Roosevelt administration.

The court is evaluating a Mississippi law that forbids abortion after 15 weeks of pregnancy. This ban was voted into law in 2018 bya Republican-majority legislature.

The only exceptions provided by this law are cases of fetuses with extreme abnormalities that are incompatible with life or when the pregnancy endangers the womans life or a major bodily function.

Go deeper: 'Even if we win, we lose': Abortion access in Miss. already limited without Roe challenge

The law also punishes doctors who administer abortions.Doctors who violate the ban would have their medical licenses suspended or revoked.

In response to this legislation, thestates only abortion clinic, Jackson Womens Health Organization, filed suit to block the law. Itargued the lawwas unconstitutional, and that is the main question set before the Supreme Court this week.

After the organization sued,the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippiandthe 5thU.S. Circuit Court of Appealsboth struck the law down as unconstitutional.The statethen appealed tothe U.S. Supreme Court,whichaccepted the case for review.

The 1970 case out of Texas is widely regarded as the main abortion rights case in the United States. The ruling was issued by the U.S. Supreme Court 1973.

Jane Roe (a false name to protect identity) sued Henry Wade, the district attorney of Dallas County. Her suit questioned the constitutionality ofmaking abortion illegal except by a doctors orders to save a womans life.

By way of the Fourteenth Amendment and its due process clause, the court found it is a fundamental right to privacy that protects a pregnant womans choice to have an abortion. However, this right is balanced against the governments interests in protecting women's health and protecting the potentiality of human life.

Staying the ban on abortion as written in the Mississippi legislature would be a step towardoverturning or weakening Roe v. Wade.

A critical moment: 'They could overturn Roe': Supreme Court to hear argument in blockbuster Mississippi abortion case

State officials argue the justices could significantly weaken Roe's protectionby either allowing bans before fetal viability or by ruling that the 15-week law does not put a significant burden on people in Mississippi.

Experts predict that would prompt nearly two dozen states to embrace similar bans, creating a patchwork of abortion lawsthat would resemblethe red-state, blue-state maps of presidential elections, according to Time.

How Mississippi's numbers compare

About 29 in 1,000 Mississippi teens ages 15 to 19 will give birth, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the second-highest rate in the nation behind Arkansas. The national average is about 17.4 in 1,000, CDCdata shows.

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Mississippi's abortion case, risk to Roe v. Wade ahead of SCOTUS decision: What we know - Hattiesburg American

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