Fertility drugs for women: What to know – Medical News Today

Fertility drugs can treat many issues, increasing the chances of conceiving and carrying the baby to term. These drugs treat specific problems, so a person should take them only at a doctors recommendation.

Taking fertility drugs without a diagnosis will not necessarily increase the chances of getting pregnant.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, 12 percent of women ages 1544 in the country have trouble getting pregnant.

Infertility can result from problems in males and females. Most doctors recommend seeking treatment if a woman cannot get pregnant or continues to have miscarriages after trying to conceive for 12 months or longer.

For women over 35, many doctors recommend seeking treatment after 6 months of trying to conceive.

Women who do not have regular periods and women with medical conditions that could affect pregnancy should talk to a doctor before trying to get pregnant.

Some fertility drugs try to prompt ovulation in a woman who is not ovulating regularly.

Others are hormones a woman must take before artificial insemination.

Some women ovulate irregularly or not at all. About 1 in 4 women with infertility have issues with ovulation.

Drugs that can treat ovulation issues include:

In about 10 percent of infertility cases, a doctor cannot find a cause. The medical term for this is unexplained infertility.

Drugs that aim to stimulate ovulation may help in cases of unexplained infertility. These drugs can enable a woman to optimize the chances of conceiving by timing intercourse. They can also reduce the effects of unidentified ovulation issues.

Drugs cannot treat some causes of infertility.

When this occurs, or when a doctor cannot identify the cause of infertility, they may recommend artificial insemination.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) involves inserting sperm directly into the uterus around the time of ovulation.

It may improve the chances of conceiving when there is an issue with the cervical mucus or the mobility of the sperm, or when the doctor cannot detect the cause of infertility.

A doctor may recommend taking the following before IUI:

In vitro fertilization (IVF) involves removing one or more eggs so that a doctor can fertilize them with sperm in a petri dish. If the eggs grow into embryos, the doctor implants them into the uterus.

IVF requires several drugs, including:

When treating infertility, a doctor may recommend taking hormonal birth control temporarily to help regulate the menstrual cycle. It can also help prepare the body for artificial insemination.

Before recommending fertility drugs, the doctor must diagnose the issue, using blood work, imaging tests of the uterus and fallopian tubes, and ovulation tests.

They may also ask a woman to chart her menstrual cycles and take her basal body temperature each morning.

If the diagnosis is not a condition that will respond to medication, the doctor may recommend IUI or IVF.

A woman may need to wait a few months before beginning treatment because it is essential to take fertility drugs on specific days of the cycle.

If the first treatment does not work, a doctor may recommend more testing, another treatment cycle, or a different treatment.

Many women experience side effects of fertility drugs, especially those that contain hormones.

The most common side effects include:

Some research suggests that certain fertility drugs increase the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancers, among others.

Most health insurance policies in the U.S. do not cover infertility treatment.

However, if infertility results from a serious medical issue, such as an infection or PCOS, insurance may cover some of the treatment.

For many women, the cost is a significant factor. Deciding on the right treatment may mean weighing potential costs and benefits.

Some questions to ask a doctor include:

If a woman is trying to get pregnant with a male partner, he should also receive fertility testing. In some instances, both the woman and man have fertility issues, and treating only the woman may not be sufficient.

Drugs cannot treat all causes of infertility. For instance, blocked fallopian tubes are a common cause, and a procedure called hysteroscopy can often treat the condition.

Trying to get pregnant can be stressful, especially when fertility issues are a factor.

Many women who seek treatment for infertility can eventually get pregnant. Receiving the right diagnosis is critical when choosing drug-based treatment, so it is best to speak with a doctor beforehand.

Read the original:
Fertility drugs for women: What to know - Medical News Today

Related Post

Comments are closed.