Prevention and practice during the COVID-19 emergency declaration period in Japanese obstetrical/gynecological facilities – DocWire News

This article was originally published here

J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2020 Sep 9. doi: 10.1111/jog.14432. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

AIM: A nationwide questionnaire survey was performed to evaluate how Japanese Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) members dealt with the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic during the declared nationwide emergency.

METHODS: We sent questionnaires to members of JSOG via official email. Participants answered anonymously using Google forms.

RESULTS: Two (0.08%) JSOG members had contracted COVID-19. There was a clear decrease in the number of patients scheduled for operation, not only for malignant but also for benign diseases. A decrease in the number of outpatients for infertility treatment was also observed. Polymerase chain reaction testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 was available in 20.4% of the facilities. Inpatients and outpatients were requested to wear masks, limit the number of contacts and check body temperature when visiting hospitals/clinics. During parturition care, caregivers and physicians wore gloves, masks (other than N-95), face shields and gowns. About 66% and 80% of the facilities decided to transfer pregnant women if they had asymptomatic and symptomatic infection, respectively. Cesarean section was typically chosen as delivery mode in infected women.

CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic provoked significant changes in obstetrics and gynecology practices in Japan. Apparently, nosocomial infections were largely prevented due to these changes, although some of them might not have been necessary.

PMID:32909322 | DOI:10.1111/jog.14432

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