Obstetrics and gynaecology – Wikipedia

Obstetrics and gynaecology (British English) or obstetrics and gynecology (American English) is the medical specialty that encompasses the two subspecialties of obstetrics (covering pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period) and gynaecology (covering the health of the female reproductive system vagina, uterus, ovaries, and breasts). It's commonly abbreviated as OB-GYN or OB/GYN in US English, and as obs and gynae or O&G in British English.

Postgraduate training programs for both fields are usually combined, preparing the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist to be adept both at the care of female reproductive organs' health and at the management of pregnancy, although many doctors go on to develop subspecialty interests in one field or the other.

After completing medical school, one must complete a four-year residency program to be eligible to sit for boards.

For the ERAS match in 2017, there will be 238 participating programs accepting applicants.[1]

In all, this adds up to 1114 years of education and practical experience. The first 79 years are general medical training.

Experienced OB-GYN professionals can seek certifications in sub-specialty areas, including maternal and fetal medicine. See Fellowship (medicine).

OB-GYN candidates must first complete medical school and obtain a MBBS or equivalent certification.[2] This portion typically takes 5 years. Following this, they are eligible for provisional registration with the General Medical Council.

Then they must complete a two years of foundation training.[2][3] After the first year of training is complete, trainees are eligible for full registration with the General Medical Council.[2] After the foundation training is complete applicants take the Part 1 MCROG examination[4] administered by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. There are an additional 5 years of training after this, and two more exams (Part 2 and Part 3 MCROG exams) which adds up to 7 years total minimum in training, although some trainees may take longer.[5]

Examples of subspecialty training available to physicians in the US are:

Of these, only the first four are truly recognized sub-specialties by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG). The other subspecialties are recognized as informal concentrations of practice. To be recognized as a board-certified subspecialist by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology or the American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, a practitioner must have completed an ACGME or AOA-accredited residency and obtained a Certificate of Added Qualifications (CAQ) which requires an additional standardized examination.[6][7]

Additionally, physicians of other specialties may become trained in Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO), a short certification that equips them to better manage emergent OB/GYN situations.

There are many procedures that can be provided to people by OB/GYN's. Some procedures may include:[8]

The national demand for women's health care is forecast to grow by 6% by 2020. Most (81%) ob-gyn related services will be for women of reproductive age (1844 years old). Growth in demand is forecast to be highest in states with the greatest population growth (Texas, Florida), where supply is currently less than adequate (western United States), and among Hispanic women. This increase in demand by 2020 will translate into a need for physicians or nonphysician clinicians, which is clinically equivalent to 2,090 full-time ob-gyns. The salary of an obstetrician varies by country or state. In the United States, as of 2017, the average salary is $222,400$315,277.

Excerpt from:
Obstetrics and gynaecology - Wikipedia

Related Post

Comments are closed.